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Joto Afrika

Joto Afrika is a series of printed briefings and online resources about adapting to climate change in sub- Saharan Africa. The series helps people understand the issues, constrains and opportunities that poor people face in adapting to climate change and escaping poverty. The series are produced in both English and French.

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Issue 16 –Kenya is taking bold steps to combat climate change

Climate change describes larger than normal variability in weather and climate parameters, especially rainfall and temperature. The cause of climate change has been debated by critics. But the time for debate is long past. Unless we act more proactively, hundreds of millions of people will face more drought, more floods, more hunger and more conflict. That is why Kenya is not waiting. Kenya is taking bold adaptation and mitigation actions to combat the impacts of climate change.

This special issue of Joto Afrika is supported by the Ministry of Environment, Natural Resources and Regional Development Authorities (MENRRDA). It outlines key initiatives the Ministry and its partners have undertaken in realizing a low emission and climate resilient development pathway. The articles give a better understanding of the constrains and opportunities that people face in adapting to climate change and escaping poverty.

Issue 15-Adaptation to climate change and achieving resilience in East and Southern African drylands

This special issue of Joto Afrika shares the conference outcomes, policy messages and success stories drawn from participants’ experiences in CBA and resilience in the region. The CBA framework shows how integration of resilient livelihoods, disaster risk reduction, adaptive capacity building and addressing underlying causes of vulnerability, all informed by climate knowledge and risks, can lead to effective adaptation. The highly interactive conference included a market place session where participants shared practical experiences and a range of innovative group discussion and learning sessions.

Revitalizing indigenous systems and community safety nets have in the past helped to lift extremely poor households and support communities and households whenever crisis occurred, but more equitable access to new opportunities in communication, technology, diversified livelihoods and risk reduction are also needed. When these are combined with better ability for anticipating future scenarios, targeting the most vulnerable and institutionalizing flexible decision making systems, future resilience in drylands can become a reality.

Issue 14- Community Based Adaptation to climate change strengthens pastoralists resilience

Climatic stresses are well known by pastoralists due to the dynamics of the ecosystems they profit from. Their livelihoods have historically included powerful adaptation tools for centuries or even millennia, such as livestock mobility, communal land tenure, rangeland monitoring, extensive information networks and adapted breeds. In all of the mentioned tools, the household scale has remained too small to be successful in systems where the magnitude of stresses operates at a large geographical scale. Unfortunately, investments and regulations in pastoralist areas have often been designed and imposed from centres of power based in higher potential areas or even in other countries– and with little understanding of the dynamics of marginal lands. The disruption of traditional adaptation mechanisms that has followed has stigmatized pastoralists as chronically food insecure and created a vicious circle, further imposing inappropriate measures that climate change and increasing population growth and burden on natural resources are likely to exacerbate.

This Joto Afrika presents some initial successes in Niger, Kenya and Ethiopia. They stress the importance of understanding and responding flexibly in achieving climate resilient development and resultant benefits on a continuous basis over the long term.

Issue 007 - The future of pastoralism in a changing climate

Pastoralism is a free-range livestock production system. It is practised in all of Africa’s dryland regions, and in some communities it is the main source of food security and income.
The future of pastoralism in the changing climate is the subject of national and global discussions. The concerns are catalysing the scientific community to generate knowledge and share experiences and best practices that may offer solutions for the survival of pastoralism and the millions of people dependant on this livelihood.

This issue of Joto Afrika provides case studies of local knowledge in action across Africa, and success stories from research to showcase various ways of climate adaptation by pastoralists . It also provides key messages and recommendation to key stakeholders.

Year: 2011

ISSN: 2075-5562

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